Palm Sunday: What It Meant then and what it means to us now
Apr 4, 2020 | by Les Ballard
Palm Sunday is the beginning of the season of Lent, and both sorrow and joy are associated with this day.
Jesus’ life and ministry had culminated to this point when He would be betrayed and put to death. As prophesied by the prophets of old, he was about to enter Jerusalem as King of the Jews and Heir of David’s royal line. However, he was not entering as a conquering war-Messianic King, which is what many in Israel expected. Instead, he was entering as a meek, humble King on a donkey, bringing peace.
Jesus’ purpose in going to Jerusalem was twofold. As stated above, He was going to Jerusalem to face betrayal and death (Matthew 16:21-23; Mark 8:31-33; Luke 9:22). He went to Jerusalem along with many of the other Jews to celebrate the Passover feast specified in the Hebrew scriptures (Tanakh), or as Christians call them, the Old Testament, specifically the books of Exodus and Deuteronomy.
We know from the Gospel of John that Jesus and many of His followers travelled less than two miles from Bethany to Jerusalem. Jesus explained to His disciples that He had to go to Jerusalem and there, suffer “many things” and be rejected by the elders, chief priests and scribes. He also stated explicitly that He would be killed but raised on the third day.
We know from scripture that there was a plan in place to kill Jesus (John 11:47-53; compare John 10:33, 39). The reasons are stated in John 11. Jesus was performing many miraculous signs, demonstrating that He was from of God. Furthermore, people were flocking to Him and believing Him to be the Messiah. There was fear among the Pharisees and chief priests that if Jesus were to continue unabated, a rebellion would follow, which would bring in the Roman soldiers. Life as they—the chief priests, Pharisees and Israel—knew it would cease.
According to the Gospel of St. John, Jesus and many of his followers journeyed less than two miles from Bethany on that Sunday, arriving outside Jerusalem. Jesus sent two of His disciples ahead to find both a donkey and a colt. They were to untie them and bring them to Him (Matthew 21:2-3). As Jesus approached Jerusalem on the donkey, the crowds became ecstatic. They threw their coats in the road for him, while others cut palm branches and placed them in the way (Matthew 21:8). They shouted
“Hosanna to the Son of David; Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest!” (Matthew 21:9)
A week later, many within these same crowds would be shouting, “Crucify Him” when Jesus stood in judgment before Pilate. They would go from acclaiming Him King of Israel to trading His life for a convicted criminal. Even His own disciples would desert Jesus. All this drama would take place within the week beginning on what we call Palm Sunday.
This loud and exuberant praise from the crowds made some of the Pharisees present indignant. They said to Jesus, “Teacher, rebuke Your disciples.” But Jesus answered, “I tell you, if these become silent, the stones will cry out!” (Luke 19:39-40).
Such acclaim had been avoided by Jesus up to this point in time. However, as stated earlier, Jesus was not entering Jerusalem as a conquering war-Messianic King, but as a meek, humble King on a donkey bringing peace to the world. Jesus’ entry and the crowd’s response were a fulfillment of the prophesy by Zechariah (circa 520 B.C.):
9Rejoice greatly, Daughter Zion!
Shout, Daughter Jerusalem!
See, your king comes to you,
righteous and victorious,
lowly and riding on a donkey,
on a colt, the foal of a donkey.
10 I will take away the chariots from Ephraim
and the warhorses from Jerusalem,
and the battle bow will be broken.
He will proclaim peace to the nations.
His rule will extend from sea to sea
and from the River to the ends of the earth. (Zechariah 9:9-10, NASB)
The Significance of Palms
Palms among the ancient Greeks and Romans were a sign of victory, success and glory. For the crowds, the palms were symbolic of welcoming Jesus and giving glory to Him as the Son of David. Even though Jesus entered Jerusalem peacefully, the crowds afforded Him the honors of a conquering hero.
Today, we celebrate Palm Sunday remembering Jesus’ humble and meek entry into Jerusalem. It is a time of mixed emotions. On the one hand, we experience the suffering, betrayal, trial, beatings, and crucifixion of our Lord. But our mourning soon turns to joy when we celebrate His resurrection.
Consider the following prophecies by Isaiah:
During this time of the COVID-19 pandemic, we are unable to gather in crowds to wave our palms in celebration of our Lord’s Triumphant entry into Jerusalem. Despite such restrictions, we can still celebrate Palm Sunday individually and collectively with our families in the privacy of our homes, and by phone and video communications with others. It is important that we take time to reflect on what our Lord faced during the week that led up to His crucifixion. It is important to try to understand what He suffered on our behalf.
Palm Sunday can be both a joyful and somber time for Christians. We could have easily participated in the welcoming crowds shouting, “Hosanna!”; and later, “Crucify Him!”
I am reminded of the painting by Rembrandt Van Rijn entitled, “Raising of the Cross,” painted in 1633 for Prince Frederick Henry of Orange (see below). There is a man in a blue painter’s beret who raises Christ upon the cross. That man is Rembrandt himself. He painted himself in the painting for the world to see that his sins had sent Christ to the cross.
When I look at the painting, I see myself in Rembrandt’s place. And then, I am reminded of one more prophetic verse in Isaiah that comforts me:
Jesus Christ, who was sinless, took upon Himself the sins of the world. And because of His obedience to the cross, we are healed.
|“Raising of the Cross” by Rembrandt Van Rijn (1633)|
According to F. B. Tarbell, the palm was given to successful competitors in athletic and other contests and was given as an attribute to the goddess Victory herself. See Tarbell, F. B. "The Palm of Victory." Classical Philology 3, no. 3 (1908): 264-72. Accessed April 4, 2020.